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TIGERS




WHAT IS TIGER?

According to dictionary difination of Tiger means Tigers (Panthera tigris) are mammals of the Felidae family, one of four "big cats" that belong to the Panthera genus, and the largest of all cats, living or extinct. Tigers are predatory carnivores. Tiger is a very active animal and can see more than human at night.

Tigers are uncommon in the fossil record. The distinct fossils of tigers were discovered from Pleistocene deposits—mostly in Asia. Nevertheless remains of described tiger fossils 100,000 years old in Alaska. Possibly because of a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska during the ice ages, this Alaskan tiger might be a North American population of Siberian tiger. In addition scientists discover similarities between tiger bones and those of the American lion: an extinct big cat that dominated much of North America as recently as 10,000 years ago. This controversial observations may lead to the assumption that the American lion was a New World tiger species. Tiger fossils have also turned up in Japan. These fossils prove that the Japanese tiger was no bigger than the island subspecies of tigers of recent ages. This may be due to the phenomenon in which body is related to environmental space, or in the case of a large predator like a tiger, availability of prey.

Tigers like to hunt alone, preferring not to share a meal. There is only a 1 in 10 chance that a Tiger will catch its prey. They prefer catching larger animals like wild pigs to rodents. Tigers rarely attack humans but, if hungry or injured, is the most likely big cat to do so. They hunt mainly at night and depend on their sharp eyes and ears. Tigers do not stalk their prey but instead jump out at it, using the method of surprise to catch its victims. There teeth are very well suited to hunting. The Tiger will eat the entire carcass except the stomach and bones.

Tigers also come in list of mammals. Mammals means Any of various warm-blooded vertebrate animals of the class Mammalia, including humans, characterized by a covering of hair on the skin and, in the female, milk-producing mammary glands for nourishing the young. They have several unique characteristics that differentiate them from other animals. Most mammals have hair, or fur, covering their body. They are also capable of regulating their body temperature. The mammals metabolism controls heat production, and the sweat glands help cool the body. These allow the mammal to maintain a constant body temperature, regardless of the environmental temperature.

According to research a century ago, some 50,000 to 80,000 tigers roamed India alone. Today, there are about 5,000 tigers or fewer worldwide. And these numbers continue to decline. There are five types of tigers.

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